A summary of common eye conditions 

Short Sightedness (Myopia)This is when images are focused in front of the retina instead of on it, which makes distant objects appear blurry.

Long Sightedness (Hyperopia)Hyperopia is the opposite of myopia; the eye focuses images slightly behind the retina. Distance vision can be blurred, and as an object moves towards you, the more your vision will blur.

AstigmatismThe cornea of the eye is usually spherical. If it resembles a rugby ball shape instead, you have astigmatism.

Presbyopia This condition is associated with ageing. It causes blurred vision at reading distance and causes an insufficient focusing power for other near distance tasks.

Glaucoma Glaucoma develops when increased fluid pressure builds up inside the eye. The increased pressure can damage the optic nerve and over time cause loss of vision.



CataractsA cataract is the clouding of a normally clear lens. Images can become dull and blurred as a cataract grows and over time sight becomes worse.

Macular Degeneration (MD) – MD occurs when the central part of the retina, the macula, degenerates. There are two types of MD – the dry form and the wet form.